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3 OMIM references -
3 associated genes
64 signs/symptoms
PROTEIN INTERACTIONS: 1
COMMON SIGNS: 8
1 OMIM reference -
3 associated genes
60 signs/symptoms
Treacher-Collins syndrome
Distal 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome

POLR1C BCR
POLR1D CRKL
TCOF1 MAPK1


INTERACTOME
ASSOCIATIONS

(click on a score value to see the evidence)
POLR1D
(0.63)
CRKL



Citations in the biomedical literature:


Treacher-Collins syndrome
POLR1C POLR1D TCOF1
Distal 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome
BCR CRKL MAPK1



Treacher-Collins syndrome
Distal 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome

Synonym(s):
- Franceschetti-Klein syndrome
- Mandibulofacial dysostosis without limb anomalies

Synonym(s):
- Distal del(22)(q11.2)
- Distal monosomy 22q11.2

Classification (Orphanet):
- Rare bone disease
- Rare developmental defect during embryogenesis
- Rare eye disease
- Rare genetic disease
- Rare maxillo-facial surgical disease
- Rare otorhinolaryngologic disease
Classification (Orphanet):
- Rare developmental defect during embryogenesis
- Rare genetic disease

Classification (ICD10):
- Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities -
Classification (ICD10):
- Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities -

Epidemiological data:
Class of prevalence: 1-9 / 100 000
Average age onset: neonatal/infancy
Average age of death: normal
Type of inheritance: autosomal dominant
Epidemiological data:
(no data available)

External references:
3 OMIM references -
No MeSH references
External references:
1 OMIM reference -
No MeSH references


COMMON
SIGNS
- Branchial / posterior auricular / preauricular / cheek cysts / fistulae
- Choanal atresia
- Cleft palate without cleft lip / submucosal cleft palate / bifid uvula
- Failure to thrive / difficulties for feeding in infancy / growth delay
- Flat cheek bones / malar hypoplasia
- High vaulted / narrow palate
- Intellectual deficit / mental / psychomotor retardation / learning disability
- Speech troubles / aphasia / dysphasia / echolalia / mutism / logorrhea / dysprosodia


Treacher-Collins syndrome
Distal 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome

Very frequent
- Autosomal dominant inheritance
- Bone / osseous hypoplasia
- Dental malocclusion
- Downslanted palpebral fissures / anti-mongoloid slanting palpebral fissures
- Dysostosis / chondrodysplasia / osteodysplasia / osteochondrosis / skeletal dysplasia
- Facial dysmorphism
- Hypoplastic mandibula / partial absence of the mandibula
- Hypoplastic maxillary bones / zygomatic bones / maxillary hypoplasia
- Micrognathia / retrognathia / micrognathism / retrognathism
- Mid-facial hypoplasia / short / small midface
- Small face
- Structural anomalies of middle ear / ossicles / tympanic cavity

Frequent
- Absent / decreased lashes
- Anodontia / oligodontia / hypodontia
- Anomalies of eyelids, eyelashes and lacrimal system
- Anomalies of teeth and dentition
- Broad nasal root
- Coloboma of the eyelid
- Conductive deafness / hearing loss
- External auditory canal atresia / stenosis / agenesis
- Frontal bossing / prominent forehead
- Low hair line-front
- Microtia / cryptomicrotia / anotia / external auditory canal / pinnae aplasia / hypoplasia
- Strabismus / squint
- Visual loss / blindness / amblyopia

Occasional
- Abnormal dentition / dental position / implantation / unerupted / dental ankylosis
- Adrenal glands anomalies
- Anomalies of spine, vertebrae and pelvis
- Anophthalmos / anophthalmia / microphthalmos / microphthalmia
- Autosomal recessive inheritance
- Brachycephaly / flat occiput
- Cataract / lens opacification
- Cleft lip
- Coloboma of iris
- Congenital cardiac anomaly / malformation / cardiopathy
- Dystonia / torticollis / writer's cramp / blepharospasms
- Ectopic / agenesis / dysgenesis / hypoplastic thyroid
- Enamel anomaly
- Encephalocele / exencephaly
- Enchondroses
- Facial cleft
- Glossoptosis
- Hair and scalp anomalies
- Hypertelorism
- Hypoplastic scrotum / hemiscrotum / scrotal ridges
- Imperforate anus / rectum atresia / agenesis / recto-vaginal / vesical / perineal fistula
- Limited opening of the mouth
- Macrostomia / big mouth
- Micropenis / small penis / agenesis
- Patent ductus arteriosus
- Preauricular / branchial tags / appendages
- Respiratory distress / dyspnea / respiratory failure / lung volume reduction
- Thymic aplasia / hypoplasia
- Tooth shape anomaly
- Tracheo-esophageal fistula / esophageal atresia / stenosis
- Undescended / ectopic testes / cryptorchidia / unfixed testes


Very frequent
- High arched eyebrows
- Insterstitial / subtelomeric microdeletion / deletion
- Philtrum flat / large / featureless / absent cupidon bows
- Prematurity
- Short stature / dwarfism / nanism

Frequent
- Absent / small fingernails / anonychia of hands
- Absent / small toenails / anonychia of feet
- Central nervous system / peripheral nerves neoplasm / tumor / carcinoma / cancer
- Clinodactyly of fifth finger
- Common arterial trunk / truncal valve
- Deepset eyes / enophthalmos
- External ear anomalies
- Flat foot
- Intrauterine growth retardation
- Microcephaly
- Pointed chin
- Thin / hypoplastic ala nasi
- Thin / retracted lips

Occasional
- Ankyloglossia / lingual synechiae
- Aortic root dilatation / dilation / aneurysm
- Aortic valve anomaly / incompetence / insufficiency / regurgitation / bicuspid
- Atrial septal defect / interauricular communication
- Blepharophimosis / short palpebral fissures
- Bowed diaphysis / diaphyses / long bones
- Camptodactyly of some fingers
- Encopresis / fecal incontinence
- Facial structural asymmetry / facial hemiatrophy / facial hemihypertrophy
- Gastric / pyloric stenosis
- High nasal bridge
- Hip dislocation / dysplasia / coxa valga / coxa vara / coxa plana
- Humour troubles / anxiety / depression / apathy / euphoria / irritability
- Hyperactivity / attention deficit
- Hyperextensible joints / articular hyperlaxity
- Immunodeficiency / increased susceptibility to infections / recurrent infections
- Inguinal / inguinoscrotal / crural hernia
- Long face
- Long hand / arachnodactyly
- Lordosis
- Microstomia / little mouth
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder
- Oculomotor apraxia / dyspraxia
- Recurrent urinary infections
- Repeat respiratory infections
- Seizures / epilepsy / absences / spasms / status epilepticus
- Sensorineural deafness / hearing loss
- Short hand / brachydactyly
- Syndactyly of toes
- Terminal / third phalangeal bone of fingers hypoplasia
- Tics / stereotypias
- Ulnar deviation of fingers
- Ventricular septal defect / interventricular communication
- Wide space between 1st-2nd toes