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1 OMIM reference -
5 associated genes
13 signs/symptoms
PROTEIN INTERACTIONS: 2
COMMON SIGNS: 4
6 OMIM references -
7 associated genes
54 signs/symptoms
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1
Cowden syndrome

CDKN1A AKT1
CDKN1B KLLN
CDKN2B PIK3CA
CDKN2C PTEN
MEN1 SDHB
SDHC
SDHD


INTERACTOME
ASSOCIATIONS

(click on a score value to see the evidence)
CDKN1B
CDKN1A
(0.88)
(0.55)
AKT1
AKT1



Citations in the biomedical literature:


Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1
CDKN1A CDKN1B CDKN2B CDKN2C MEN1
Cowden syndrome
AKT1 KLLN PIK3CA PTEN SDHB SDHC
SDHD



Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1
Cowden syndrome

Synonym(s):
- MEN 1
- Wermer syndrome

Synonym(s):
- Cowden disease
- Multiple hamartoma syndrome

Classification (Orphanet):
- Rare endocrine disease
- Rare gastroenterologic disease
- Rare genetic disease
- Rare oncologic disease
Classification (Orphanet):
- Rare developmental defect during embryogenesis
- Rare gastroenterologic disease
- Rare genetic disease
- Rare oncologic disease
- Rare skin disease

Classification (ICD10):
- Neoplasms -
Classification (ICD10):
- Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities -

Epidemiological data:
Class of prevalence: 1-9 / 100 000
Average age onset: variable
Average age of death: adult
Type of inheritance: autosomal dominant
Epidemiological data:
Class of prevalence: 1-9 / 1 000 000
Average age onset: variable
Average age of death: any age
Type of inheritance: autosomal dominant

External references:
1 OMIM reference -
1 MeSH reference: D018761
External references:
6 OMIM references -
1 MeSH reference: D006223


COMMON
SIGNS
- Autosomal dominant inheritance
- Neoplasms / tumors
- Thyroid anomalies
- Xanthomas / lipomas


Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1
Cowden syndrome

Very frequent
- Anomalies of the endocrine glands
- Anomaly of pancreatic hormones
- Hypercalcemia
- Hyperparathyroidy
- Hypothalamic-hypophyseal axis anomalies / hypothalamus / pituitary anomalies
- Parathyroids anomalies
- Structural anomalies of the pancreas

Frequent
- Cortico-adrenal hyperplasia / hypersecretion
- Epigastralgia / heartburn / gastric / duodenal ulcer / gastritis



Very frequent
- Breast neoplasm / tumor / carcinoma / cancer
- Follicular / conjunctival hamartomas
- Follicular / erythematous / edematous papules / milium
- Goiter
- Hyperkeratosis / ainhum / hyperkeratotic skin fissures
- Macules
- Palmoplantar hyperkeratosis / keratoderma
- Polyposis of the bowel / colon / intestine
- Skin / cutaneous neoplasm / tumor / carcinoma / cancer (excluding melanoma)
- Warts / papillomas

Frequent
- Adenoma sebaceum
- Cavernous / tuberous hemangioma
- Fissured / scrotal tongue
- Hairy patch
- Macrocephaly / macrocrania / megalocephaly / megacephaly
- Macroglossia / tongue protrusion / proeminent / hypertrophic
- Meningioma
- Penis anomalies
- Pigmented naevi / naevus pigmentosus / lentigo
- Subcutaneous nodules / lipomas / tumefaction / swelling
- Telangiectasiae of mucosae

Occasional
- Abnormal / polycystic ovaries
- Autism / autistic disoders
- Bone cyst
- Cafe-au-lait spot
- Cataract / lens opacification
- Central nervous system / peripheral nerves neoplasm / tumor / carcinoma / cancer
- Cerebellum / cerebellar vermis anomaly / agenesis / hypoplasia
- Cranial hypertension
- Failure to thrive / difficulties for feeding in infancy / growth delay
- Gynecomastia / breast / mammary gland enlargement / hyperplasia
- Hearing loss / hypoacusia / deafness
- High vaulted / narrow palate
- Intellectual deficit / mental / psychomotor retardation / learning disability
- Irregular / patchy skin hypopigmentation
- Kidney / renal neoplasm / tumor / carcinoma / cancer
- Kyphosis
- Melanoma
- Myopia
- Pectus excavatum
- Renal / kidney anomalies
- Retinal vascular anomalies / retinal telangiectasia
- Scoliosis
- Seizures / epilepsy / absences / spasms / status epilepticus
- Short hand / brachydactyly
- Short stature / dwarfism / nanism
- T-cell deficiency / cellular immunity deficiency
- Thyroid neoplasm / tumor / carcinoma / cancer
- Uterine / uterus / Fallopian tubes anomalies
- Uterus / uterine / cervix / endometrium neoplasm / tumor / carcinoma / cancer