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1 OMIM reference -
1 associated gene
12 signs/symptoms
COMMON GENES: 1
PROTEIN INTERACTIONS: 1
COMMON SIGNS: 4
6 OMIM references -
7 associated genes
54 signs/symptoms
Lhermitte-Duclos disease
Cowden syndrome

PTEN AKT1
KLLN
PIK3CA
PTEN
SDHB
SDHC
SDHD


COMMON
GENES
PTEN


INTERACTOME
ASSOCIATIONS

(click on a score value to see the evidence)
PTEN
(0.78)
AKT1



Citations in the biomedical literature:


Lhermitte-Duclos disease
PTEN
Cowden syndrome
AKT1 KLLN PIK3CA SDHB SDHC
SDHD



Lhermitte-Duclos disease
Cowden syndrome

Synonym(s):
- Dysplastic gangliocytoma of the cerebellum
- LDD

Synonym(s):
- Cowden disease
- Multiple hamartoma syndrome

Classification (Orphanet):
- Rare developmental defect during embryogenesis
- Rare genetic disease
- Rare neurologic disease
- Rare oncologic disease
Classification (Orphanet):
- Rare developmental defect during embryogenesis
- Rare gastroenterologic disease
- Rare genetic disease
- Rare oncologic disease
- Rare skin disease

Classification (ICD10):
- Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities -
Classification (ICD10):
- Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities -

Epidemiological data:
Class of prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
Average age onset: adulthood
Average age of death: -
Type of inheritance: unknown
Epidemiological data:
Class of prevalence: 1-9 / 1 000 000
Average age onset: variable
Average age of death: any age
Type of inheritance: autosomal dominant

External references:
1 OMIM reference -
No MeSH references
External references:
6 OMIM references -
1 MeSH reference: D006223


COMMON
SIGNS
- Cerebellum / cerebellar vermis anomaly / agenesis / hypoplasia
- Macrocephaly / macrocrania / megalocephaly / megacephaly
- Macroglossia / tongue protrusion / proeminent / hypertrophic
- Seizures / epilepsy / absences / spasms / status epilepticus


Lhermitte-Duclos disease
Cowden syndrome

Very frequent
- Agyria / micro / pachy / macrogyria / lissencephaly / gyration / neuronal migration defect
- Ataxia / incoordination / trouble of the equilibrium
- Cranial nerves palsy
- Facial pain / cephalalgia / migraine
- Hydrocephaly
- Nausea / vomiting / regurgitation / merycism / hyperemesis
- Upper limb polydactyly / hexadactyly

Occasional
- Tall stature / gigantism / growth acceleration


Very frequent
- Autosomal dominant inheritance
- Breast neoplasm / tumor / carcinoma / cancer
- Follicular / conjunctival hamartomas
- Follicular / erythematous / edematous papules / milium
- Goiter
- Hyperkeratosis / ainhum / hyperkeratotic skin fissures
- Macules
- Palmoplantar hyperkeratosis / keratoderma
- Polyposis of the bowel / colon / intestine
- Skin / cutaneous neoplasm / tumor / carcinoma / cancer (excluding melanoma)
- Warts / papillomas

Frequent
- Adenoma sebaceum
- Cavernous / tuberous hemangioma
- Fissured / scrotal tongue
- Hairy patch
- Meningioma
- Neoplasms / tumors
- Penis anomalies
- Pigmented naevi / naevus pigmentosus / lentigo
- Subcutaneous nodules / lipomas / tumefaction / swelling
- Telangiectasiae of mucosae
- Thyroid anomalies
- Xanthomas / lipomas

Occasional
- Abnormal / polycystic ovaries
- Autism / autistic disoders
- Bone cyst
- Cafe-au-lait spot
- Cataract / lens opacification
- Central nervous system / peripheral nerves neoplasm / tumor / carcinoma / cancer
- Cranial hypertension
- Failure to thrive / difficulties for feeding in infancy / growth delay
- Gynecomastia / breast / mammary gland enlargement / hyperplasia
- Hearing loss / hypoacusia / deafness
- High vaulted / narrow palate
- Intellectual deficit / mental / psychomotor retardation / learning disability
- Irregular / patchy skin hypopigmentation
- Kidney / renal neoplasm / tumor / carcinoma / cancer
- Kyphosis
- Melanoma
- Myopia
- Pectus excavatum
- Renal / kidney anomalies
- Retinal vascular anomalies / retinal telangiectasia
- Scoliosis
- Short hand / brachydactyly
- Short stature / dwarfism / nanism
- T-cell deficiency / cellular immunity deficiency
- Thyroid neoplasm / tumor / carcinoma / cancer
- Uterine / uterus / Fallopian tubes anomalies
- Uterus / uterine / cervix / endometrium neoplasm / tumor / carcinoma / cancer