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1 OMIM reference -
1 associated gene
31 signs/symptoms
PROTEIN INTERACTIONS: 1
COMMON SIGNS: 4
1 OMIM reference -
1 associated gene
40 signs/symptoms
Laron syndrome
SHORT syndrome

GHR PIK3R1


INTERACTOME
ASSOCIATIONS

(click on a score value to see the evidence)
GHR
(0.87)
PIK3R1



Citations in the biomedical literature:


Laron syndrome
GHR
SHORT syndrome
PIK3R1



Laron syndrome
SHORT syndrome

Synonym(s):
- Complete growth hormone insensitivity
- GH receptor deficiency
- Growth hormone receptor deficiency
- Laron-type dwarfism
- Primary GH insensitivity
- Primary GH resistance
- Primary growth hormone insensitivity
- Primary growth hormone resistance
- Short stature due to growth hormone resistance

Synonym(s):
- Aarskog-Ose-Pande syndrome
- Lipodystrophy - Rieger anomaly - diabetes
- Rieger anomaly - partial lipodystrophy

Classification (Orphanet):
- Rare endocrine disease
- Rare genetic disease
Classification (Orphanet):
- Rare developmental defect during embryogenesis
- Rare endocrine disease
- Rare eye disease
- Rare genetic disease

Classification (ICD10):
- Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases -
Classification (ICD10):
- Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities -

Epidemiological data:
Class of prevalence: 1-9 / 1 000 000
Average age onset: neonatal/infancy
Average age of death: normal
Type of inheritance: autosomal recessive
Epidemiological data:
Class of prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
Average age onset: neonatal/infancy
Average age of death: -
Type of inheritance: autosomal dominant

External references:
1 OMIM reference -
1 MeSH reference: D046150
External references:
1 OMIM reference -
1 MeSH reference: C537327


COMMON
SIGNS
- Complete / partial microdontia
- Micrognathia / retrognathia / micrognathism / retrognathism
- Short hand / brachydactyly
- Short stature / dwarfism / nanism


Laron syndrome
SHORT syndrome

Very frequent
- Anodontia / oligodontia / hypodontia
- Anomalies of the endocrine glands
- Autosomal recessive inheritance
- Delayed bone age
- Delayed dentition / eruption of teeth / lack of eruption of teeth
- Facial dysmorphism
- High forehead
- Nasal atrophy / hypoplasia / arhinia / rudimentary nose
- Truncal obesity

Frequent
- Elbow anomalies(excluding luxation)
- Flat supraorbital ridge
- Hypoglycemia
- Late puberty / hypogonadism / hypogenitalism
- Micropenis / small penis / agenesis
- Motor deficit / trouble
- Muscle hypotrophy / atrophy / dystrophy / agenesis / amyotrophy
- Short foot / brachydactyly of toes

Occasional
- Abnormal cry / voice / phonation disorder / nasal speech
- Blue sclerae
- Flattened nose
- Hairy patch
- Hyperlipidemia / hypercholesterolemia / hypertriglyceridemia
- Hypohidrosis / decreased sweating / thermoregulation disorder / heat intolerance
- Intellectual deficit / mental / psychomotor retardation / learning disability
- Osteoarthritis
- Premature ageing
- Skull / cranial anomalies


Very frequent
- Aniridia / iris hypoplasia
- Anterior chamber anomaly
- Autosomal dominant inheritance
- Deepset eyes / enophthalmos
- Hyperextensible joints / articular hyperlaxity
- Inguinal / inguinoscrotal / crural hernia
- Sensorineural deafness / hearing loss

Frequent
- Abnormal fat distribution / lipodystrophy
- Anomalies of teeth and dentition
- Diabetes mellitus
- Enamel anomaly
- Face / facial anomalies
- Glaucoma
- Hypotrichosis / atrichia / atrichiasis / scalp hairlessness
- Insulin resistance
- Megalocornea
- Mid-facial hypoplasia / short / small midface
- Pupillary anomalies / mydriasis / myosis / tonic pupil
- Rippled skin
- Speech troubles / aphasia / dysphasia / echolalia / mutism / logorrhea / dysprosodia
- Weight loss / loss of appetite / break in weight curve / general health alteration

Occasional
- Broad nasal root
- Clinodactyly of fifth finger
- Corneal clouding / opacity / vascularisation
- Embryotoxon
- Flat cheek bones / malar hypoplasia
- Frontal bossing / prominent forehead
- Hip dislocation / dysplasia / coxa valga / coxa vara / coxa plana
- Hypertelorism
- Iridocorneal dysgenesis / iridogoniodysgenesis
- Myotonia
- Prominent supraorbital ridge
- Telecanthus / canthal dystopy
- Triangular face
- Upper limb polydactyly / hexadactyly
- Urinary / renal lithiasis / kidney stones / nephritic colic