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1 OMIM reference -
1 associated gene
31 signs/symptoms
PROTEIN INTERACTIONS: 1
COMMON SIGNS: 6
8 OMIM references -
9 associated genes
57 signs/symptoms
Laron syndrome
Noonan syndrome

GHR BRAF
KAT6B
KRAS
NF1
NRAS
PTPN11
RAF1
RIT1
SOS1


INTERACTOME
ASSOCIATIONS

(click on a score value to see the evidence)
GHR
(0.85)
PTPN11



Citations in the biomedical literature:


Laron syndrome
GHR
Noonan syndrome
BRAF KAT6B KRAS NF1 NRAS PTPN11
RAF1 RIT1 SOS1



Laron syndrome
Noonan syndrome

Synonym(s):
- Complete growth hormone insensitivity
- GH receptor deficiency
- Growth hormone receptor deficiency
- Laron-type dwarfism
- Primary GH insensitivity
- Primary GH resistance
- Primary growth hormone insensitivity
- Primary growth hormone resistance
- Short stature due to growth hormone resistance

Synonym(s):
(no synonyms)

Classification (Orphanet):
- Rare endocrine disease
- Rare genetic disease
Classification (Orphanet):
- Rare cardiac disease
- Rare circulatory system disease
- Rare developmental defect during embryogenesis
- Rare endocrine disease
- Rare eye disease
- Rare genetic disease
- Rare infertility
- Rare oncologic disease
- Rare renal disease
- Rare skin disease

Classification (ICD10):
- Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases -
Classification (ICD10):
- Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities -

Epidemiological data:
Class of prevalence: 1-9 / 1 000 000
Average age onset: neonatal/infancy
Average age of death: normal
Type of inheritance: autosomal recessive
Epidemiological data:
Class of prevalence: unknown
Average age onset: neonatal/infancy
Average age of death: normal
Type of inheritance: autosomal dominant

External references:
1 OMIM reference -
1 MeSH reference: D046150
External references:
8 OMIM references -
1 MeSH reference: D009634


COMMON
SIGNS
- Delayed bone age
- High forehead
- Late puberty / hypogonadism / hypogenitalism
- Micrognathia / retrognathia / micrognathism / retrognathism
- Short hand / brachydactyly
- Short stature / dwarfism / nanism


Laron syndrome
Noonan syndrome

Very frequent
- Anodontia / oligodontia / hypodontia
- Anomalies of the endocrine glands
- Autosomal recessive inheritance
- Complete / partial microdontia
- Delayed dentition / eruption of teeth / lack of eruption of teeth
- Facial dysmorphism
- Nasal atrophy / hypoplasia / arhinia / rudimentary nose
- Truncal obesity

Frequent
- Elbow anomalies(excluding luxation)
- Flat supraorbital ridge
- Hypoglycemia
- Micropenis / small penis / agenesis
- Motor deficit / trouble
- Muscle hypotrophy / atrophy / dystrophy / agenesis / amyotrophy
- Short foot / brachydactyly of toes

Occasional
- Abnormal cry / voice / phonation disorder / nasal speech
- Blue sclerae
- Flattened nose
- Hairy patch
- Hyperlipidemia / hypercholesterolemia / hypertriglyceridemia
- Hypohidrosis / decreased sweating / thermoregulation disorder / heat intolerance
- Intellectual deficit / mental / psychomotor retardation / learning disability
- Osteoarthritis
- Premature ageing
- Skull / cranial anomalies


Very frequent
- Abnormally placed nipples
- Absent / hypotonic / flaccid abdominal wall muscles
- Anomalies of mouth, lip and philtrum
- Autosomal dominant inheritance
- Congenital cardiac anomaly / malformation / cardiopathy
- Cystic hygroma
- Downslanted palpebral fissures / anti-mongoloid slanting palpebral fissures
- Excess nuchal skin without pterygium colli
- Failure to thrive / difficulties for feeding in infancy / growth delay
- Helix / crux helix absent / abnormal / adherent / crux cymbae / posterior helix pits
- High vaulted / narrow palate
- Hyperextensible joints / articular hyperlaxity
- Hypertelorism
- Low set ears / posteriorly rotated ears
- Mid-facial hypoplasia / short / small midface
- Muscle weakness / flaccidity
- Pectus carinatum
- Pectus excavatum
- Proptosis / exophthalmos
- Ptosis
- Pulmonary artery stenosis / absence / hypoplasia of the pulmonary branches
- Pulmonary valve atresia / stenosis / narrowing
- Speech troubles / aphasia / dysphasia / echolalia / mutism / logorrhea / dysprosodia
- Thick lips
- Triangular face
- Webbed neck / pterygium colli
- Wide rib cage / thorax

Frequent
- Abnormal dermatoglyphics
- Anomalies of the lymphatic system
- Cardiac rhythm disorder / arrhythmia
- Clotting / hemostasis disorders
- Coarse / thick hair
- Feeding disorder / dysphagia / swallowing / sucking disorder / esophageal dyskinesia
- Hemorrhage / hemorrhagic syndrome / excessive / long-lasting bleeding
- Hepatomegaly / liver enlargement (excluding storage disease)
- Hypotonia
- Low hair line (back)
- Platelets function anomaly
- Scoliosis
- Strabismus / squint
- Structural and functional anomalies of the spleen
- Structural anomalies of the genital system
- Undescended / ectopic testes / cryptorchidia / unfixed testes

Occasional
- Clinodactyly of fifth finger
- Hypotrichosis / atrichia / atrichiasis / scalp hairlessness
- Lymphedema
- Nystagmus
- Pigmented naevi / naevus pigmentosus / lentigo
- Radioulnar synostosis
- Sensorineural deafness / hearing loss
- Structural anomalies of inner ear / cochlea / vestible / semicircular canals