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1 OMIM reference -
1 associated gene
31 signs/symptoms
PROTEIN INTERACTIONS: 1
COMMON SIGNS: 3
3 OMIM references -
3 associated genes
47 signs/symptoms
Laron syndrome
LEOPARD syndrome

GHR BRAF
PTPN11
RAF1


INTERACTOME
ASSOCIATIONS

(click on a score value to see the evidence)
GHR
(0.85)
PTPN11



Citations in the biomedical literature:


Laron syndrome
GHR
LEOPARD syndrome
BRAF PTPN11 RAF1



Laron syndrome
LEOPARD syndrome

Synonym(s):
- Complete growth hormone insensitivity
- GH receptor deficiency
- Growth hormone receptor deficiency
- Laron-type dwarfism
- Primary GH insensitivity
- Primary GH resistance
- Primary growth hormone insensitivity
- Primary growth hormone resistance
- Short stature due to growth hormone resistance

Synonym(s):
- Cardiomyopathic lentiginosis
- Familial multiple lentigines syndrome

Classification (Orphanet):
- Rare endocrine disease
- Rare genetic disease
Classification (Orphanet):
- Rare cardiac disease
- Rare developmental defect during embryogenesis
- Rare eye disease
- Rare genetic disease
- Rare otorhinolaryngologic disease
- Rare skin disease

Classification (ICD10):
- Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases -
Classification (ICD10):
- Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities -

Epidemiological data:
Class of prevalence: 1-9 / 1 000 000
Average age onset: neonatal/infancy
Average age of death: normal
Type of inheritance: autosomal recessive
Epidemiological data:
Class of prevalence: unknown
Average age onset: childhood
Average age of death: -
Type of inheritance: autosomal dominant

External references:
1 OMIM reference -
1 MeSH reference: D046150
External references:
3 OMIM references -
2 MeSH references: C537116 / D044542


COMMON
SIGNS
- Abnormal cry / voice / phonation disorder / nasal speech
- Intellectual deficit / mental / psychomotor retardation / learning disability
- Short stature / dwarfism / nanism


Laron syndrome
LEOPARD syndrome

Very frequent
- Anodontia / oligodontia / hypodontia
- Anomalies of the endocrine glands
- Autosomal recessive inheritance
- Complete / partial microdontia
- Delayed bone age
- Delayed dentition / eruption of teeth / lack of eruption of teeth
- Facial dysmorphism
- High forehead
- Micrognathia / retrognathia / micrognathism / retrognathism
- Nasal atrophy / hypoplasia / arhinia / rudimentary nose
- Truncal obesity

Frequent
- Elbow anomalies(excluding luxation)
- Flat supraorbital ridge
- Hypoglycemia
- Late puberty / hypogonadism / hypogenitalism
- Micropenis / small penis / agenesis
- Motor deficit / trouble
- Muscle hypotrophy / atrophy / dystrophy / agenesis / amyotrophy
- Short foot / brachydactyly of toes
- Short hand / brachydactyly

Occasional
- Blue sclerae
- Flattened nose
- Hairy patch
- Hyperlipidemia / hypercholesterolemia / hypertriglyceridemia
- Hypohidrosis / decreased sweating / thermoregulation disorder / heat intolerance
- Osteoarthritis
- Premature ageing
- Skull / cranial anomalies


Very frequent
- Autosomal dominant inheritance
- Cardiac conduction defect / sinoauricular / heart / auriculoventricular / branch block
- Cardiac rhythm disorder / arrhythmia
- Excessive freckling
- Failure to thrive / difficulties for feeding in infancy / growth delay
- Hyperelastic skin / cutaneous hyperlaxity
- Hypertelorism
- Intrauterine growth retardation
- Myelodysplastic syndrome
- Pigmented naevi / naevus pigmentosus / lentigo
- Pulmonary artery stenosis / absence / hypoplasia of the pulmonary branches
- Pulmonary valve atresia / stenosis / narrowing
- Sensorineural deafness / hearing loss
- Structural anomalies of the genital system

Frequent
- Anomalies of ear and hearing
- Atrioventricular canal
- Broad nose / nasal bridge
- Cardiomyopathy / hypertrophic / dilated
- Congenital cardiac anomaly / malformation / cardiopathy
- Face / facial anomalies
- Low set ears / posteriorly rotated ears
- Mitral valve prolapse / incompetence / insufficiency / regurgitation / ring anomaly
- Pectus carinatum
- Pectus excavatum
- Ptosis
- Scapula structural / position anomaly / congenital elevation / Sprengel anomaly
- Sterility / hypofertility
- Undescended / ectopic testes / cryptorchidia / unfixed testes
- Webbed neck / pterygium colli

Occasional
- Absent / hypotonic / flaccid abdominal wall muscles
- Angor pectoris / myocardial infarction
- Arterial aneurism (excluding aorta)
- Brachycephaly / flat occiput
- Ectopic / horseshoe / fused kidneys
- Endocardium anomalies / fibroelastosis / endocarditis
- Hypospadias / epispadias / bent penis
- Melanoma
- Myeloproliferative syndrome / chronic leukemia
- Neuroblastoma
- Rippled skin
- Scoliosis
- Spina bifida occulta
- Subcutaneous nodules / lipomas / tumefaction / swelling
- Triangular face