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1 OMIM reference -
2 associated genes
33 signs/symptoms
PROTEIN INTERACTIONS: 2
COMMON SIGNS: 2
7 OMIM references -
8 associated genes
15 signs/symptoms
Alpha-thalassemia - intellectual deficit syndrome linked to chromosome 16
Senior-Loken syndrome

HBA1 CEP164
HBA2 CEP290
INVS
IQCB1
NPHP1
NPHP3
NPHP4
SDCCAG8


INTERACTOME
ASSOCIATIONS

(click on a score value to see the evidence)
HBA1
HBA2
(0.72)
(0.72)
IQCB1
IQCB1



Citations in the biomedical literature:


Alpha-thalassemia - intellectual deficit syndrome linked to chromosome 16
HBA1 HBA2
Senior-Loken syndrome
CEP164 CEP290 INVS IQCB1 NPHP1 NPHP3
NPHP4 SDCCAG8



Alpha-thalassemia - intellectual deficit syndrome linked to chromosome 16
Senior-Loken syndrome

Synonym(s):
- ATR syndrome linked to chromosome 16
- ATR syndrome, deletion type
- ATR-16 syndrome
- Alpha thalassemia - intellectual deficit syndrome, deletion type
- Alpha thalassemia - retardation syndrome

Synonym(s):
- Nephronophthisis with retinal dystrophy
- Renal dysplasia - retinal aplasia
- SLSN

Classification (Orphanet):
- Rare developmental defect during embryogenesis
- Rare genetic disease
- Rare hematologic disease
- Rare neurologic disease
Classification (Orphanet):
- Rare eye disease
- Rare genetic disease
- Rare renal disease

Classification (ICD10):
- Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism -
Classification (ICD10):
- Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities -

Epidemiological data:
Class of prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
Average age onset: neonatal/infancy
Average age of death: -
Type of inheritance: sporadic
Epidemiological data:
Class of prevalence: 1-9 / 1 000 000
Average age onset: childhood
Average age of death: any age
Type of inheritance: autosomal recessive

External references:
1 OMIM reference -
No MeSH references
External references:
7 OMIM references -
1 MeSH reference: C537580


COMMON
SIGNS
- Intellectual deficit / mental / psychomotor retardation / learning disability
- Short stature / dwarfism / nanism


Alpha-thalassemia - intellectual deficit syndrome linked to chromosome 16
Senior-Loken syndrome

Very frequent
- Asthenia / fatigue / weakness
- Hemoglobinosis / hemoglobinopathy
- Insterstitial / subtelomeric microdeletion / deletion
- Microcytic anemia
- Speech troubles / aphasia / dysphasia / echolalia / mutism / logorrhea / dysprosodia

Frequent
- Broad forehead
- Broad nasal root
- Bruisability
- Downslanted palpebral fissures / anti-mongoloid slanting palpebral fissures
- Epicanthic folds
- Failure to thrive / difficulties for feeding in infancy / growth delay
- High forehead
- High vaulted / narrow palate
- Hypertelorism
- Hypotonia
- Low set ears / posteriorly rotated ears
- Microcephaly
- Micrognathia / retrognathia / micrognathism / retrognathism
- Mid-facial hypoplasia / short / small midface
- Pectus carinatum
- Short foot / brachydactyly of toes
- Short neck
- Small / hypoplastic / adherent / absent ear lobe
- Talipes-varus / metatarsal varus
- Undescended / ectopic testes / cryptorchidia / unfixed testes

Occasional
- Absent / decreased / thin eyebrows
- Autosomal dominant inheritance
- Contractures / cramps / trismus / tetania / claudication / opisthotonos
- Flat supraorbital ridge
- Frontal bossing / prominent forehead
- Hypospadias / epispadias / bent penis


Very frequent
- Autosomal recessive inheritance
- Chronic arterial hypertension
- Mild visual loss / impaired visual acuity
- Multicystic kidney / renal dysplasia
- Polycystic kidneys
- Retinitis pigmentosa / retinal pigmentary changes

Frequent
- Renal tubular defect / tubulopathy
- Visual loss / blindness / amblyopia

Occasional
- Abnormal / absent ossification
- Ataxia / incoordination / trouble of the equilibrium
- Cataract / lens opacification
- Cone epiphyses / epiphysis
- Congenital hepatic fibrosis